Behaviour Therapy is a form of therapy, which focuses on modifying faculty behaviour which brings about basic changes in personality.
Instead of probing the unconscious or exploring the clients/ students thoughts and feelings, behaviour therapy tries to eliminate the symptoms and modify ineffective or maladaptive pattern by applying basic learning techniques.
The main goal of behaviour therapy is to reinforce desirable behaviour and eliminate unwanted or maladaptive ones.
- The techniques used in this kind of treatment are based on the theories of:
- Classical Conditioning and
- Operant conditioning
Behaviour therapy breaks down into 3 disciplines:
- ABA - Applied Behaviour Analysis - focuses on operant conditioning, in the form of positive reinforcement to modifies behaviour after conducting a thorough, FBA- Functional Behaviour Assessment
- CBT - Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - focuses on thoughts and feelings behind mental health conditions with treatment plans in psychotherapy to lessen the issue
- Social Learning Theory - points out that , learning is a cognitive process, that takes place in a social context and that can occur purely through direct observation or direct instruction, even in the absence of motor reproduction o direct reinforcement
Important and common techniques implemented are:
- Behaviour modification
- Systematic desensitization
- Aversion therapy
- Positive reinforcement
Need for behaviour therapy and its outcomes:
Behaviour therapy had been introduced at Swabodhini, as a specialised service for our students, wherein, students are thoroughly examined by the therapist. The maladaptive behaviour of a child affects not only their personality but their process of learning too.
Learned behaviour pattern becomes a waste or disappears if it’s not reinforced.
In behaviour therapy to eliminate the smaladaptive behaviour, one has to remove reinforcement for it.
Behaviour therapy is a comprehensive program that, deals with teaching complex programs and social skills like, recognizing facial expressions and nonverbal behaviour of others, development of co-operative and social behaviour, etc.
If behaviour therapy is given to a child consistently over a period of time, many of the issues like (impulsiveness, tantrums, aggressive and destructive behaviour, immediate need gratification, certain odd and repetitive behaviours, etc.) that act as an obstacle in the learning process of the child can be easily dealt with and controlled using the above mentioned techniques.
It has been proved through extensive research that, only medication therapy alone cannot tap certain problematic behaviours, it is the combined effect of medication and behaviour therapy that bring improvement in ones behaviour.